Karnataka HC Halts Horse Racing, Betting at Bangalore Turf Club




The Karnataka High Court has issued a stay order on the decision that temporarily permitted horse racing and betting at the Bangalore Turf Club. This means that any activities related to horse racing and betting at the club are halted until further notice. This decision is significant because it impacts both the legal and sporting communities in Bangalore. Horse racing and betting are activities that generate considerable revenue and have a substantial following. The stay order suggests that there might be legal concerns or challenges that need to be addressed before these activities can proceed.

This order effectively halts all such activities at the club until further legal review and resolution. The stay was granted in response to legal challenges or concerns raised, necessitating a pause in operations to allow the court to thoroughly examine the issues at hand. They pointed out that allowing such activities might result in substantial revenue loss for the state and the central governments. The department highlighted the potential financial implications, prompting the court to halt these activities until a more detailed examination could be conducted.

Detailed Reason Behind Court’s Verdict

Revenue concern: The Income Tax Department emphasized the potential loss of substantial revenue if horse racing and betting were allowed to proceed. This concern is critical as it impacts the financial interests of the government, which relies on taxes and levies from such activities;

Regulatory compliance: The department’s application likely raised issues related to compliance with tax regulations and laws governing betting and gambling. Ensuring that all operations adhere to legal and regulatory standards is essential to prevent any illegal activities or tax evasion;

Legal challenges: The interlocutory application itself represents a legal challenge to the State Government’s decision, indicating that there are significant legal arguments and objections that need to be resolved before allowing these activities to continue;

Public interest and ethical Consideration: While not explicitly stated, such cases often involve broader public interest concern, including ethical implication of gambling and potential social impact. The court may consider these aspects when deciding to stay the order;

Pending comprehensive review: The stay order allows for a more detailed and comprehensive review of all legal, financial, and regulatory implications. This ensures that any decision made is thoroughly vetted and does not lead to unintended negative consequences.

About The Case

The Karnataka High Court in an interim order on Tuesday stayed a June 6 order of the state government which had put a stop to horse racing and allied activities, including betting, at the Bangalore Turf Club (BTC). On applications submitted by the BTC, organizations of horse owners and trainers, jockeys, and punters, the High Court issued an interim ruling. The ruling prohibiting the renewal of licenses for horse racing and betting was deemed arbitrary and unwarranted by the Court. A police investigation that allegedly exposed illicit betting practices at the turf club was the reason given by the state government for not renewing licenses for horse racing. The BTC’s bid to organize horse racing and another application to issue a betting license was denied, and the Home and Finance departments then passed the order. The stay of the ruling was granted by Justice S R Krishna Kumar’s bench. The High Court stated that the decision to refuse licenses was “wholly illegal, arbitrary, discriminatory, irrational and unreasonable apart from being violative of principles of natural justice.” “In my considered opinion, the petitioners have made out a prima facie case and the balance of convenience is in their favour and they would be put to irreparable injury and hardship and justice would suffer,” the Court said.

As per the ruling of the Supreme Court, the High Court has declared that horse racing is a skill-based game. Consequently, the Karnataka government cannot deny a license based on the petitioners’ illicit racing and betting operations. “The contested orders are invalidated to the extent that an FIR was filed even after the purported raid that took place on the BTC property on January 12, 2024.The State was thus obviously precluded from using the same criminal proceedings to refuse license for the month of April 2024 onward in favour of the petitioners, as the respondents—the State—had themselves granted licenses in March 2024 in favour of BTC, the High Court observed. The High Court ruled that petitioners in all writ petitions are allowed to conduct and carry on all on-course and off-course racing and betting activities of the Bangalore Turf Club, subject to the same terms and conditions of the licenses issued in March 2024 by the respondents-State and also subject to complying with the provisions of the Mysore Race Course Licensing Act, 1952 and Mysore Race Course Licensing Rules, 1952, pending decision in the petitions, by way of an interim arrangement and subject to the final outcome of the petitions.


In conclusion, the Karnataka High Court’s stay on the decision permitting horse racing and betting at the Bangalore Turf Club underscores the importance of addressing significant financial, regulatory, and legal concerns. The intervention by the Income Tax Department, highlighting potential revenue losses and compliance issues, played a pivotal role in this verdict. This stay allows for a comprehensive review to ensure that any future decisions are made with full consideration of the legal, financial, and public interest implications. The outcome of this case will be crucial in determining the future of horse racing and betting activities at this prominent venue.

Authors: Saurojit Barua & Bhavi Shah




Interns and Paralegals.


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